1960s: Systems Era


Dramatic cultural change marked the turbulent 60s. Change was also evident at CSL, which expanded its interdisciplinary mission and broadened its focus. Systems became the emerging theme.



CSL built a world-class reputation in control, computer, and communication systems, developing theories and creating landmark inventions 30 years ahead of their time.

In this Decade:

  • Building a Reliable Foundation
  • Control Central
  • CSL Finds a Home
  • From Tubes to Transistors
  • The PLATO Phenomenon
  • The Van Valkenburg Legacy
  • Vacuums and Atoms